The beginning of the deportations to the east: Franconian Jews during an intermediate stop at Langwasser station, November 1941 (Archiv Gortner).
Because of the “Racial Laws”, Jewish Germans were very much restricted in their professional life and completely banned from public life. They were forbidden to use the tram, go to public schools, swimming baths or attend cultural events.
The “Law for the Protection of German Blood” with its ban on marriages between Jews and non-Jews had devastating consequences, since it also annulled existing marriages. The “Nuremberg Laws” were the decisive step towards excluding Jews from society and from economic life, robbing them of their property and finally deporting and murdering German and later on European Jews.